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Key Reports on Racial and Ethnic Disparities



Report 1:

Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, Institute of Medicine, 2002. This landmark study found that U.S. racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to receive unequal treatment, and experience a lower quality of health services. They are also less likely to receive kidney and heart transplants, and are more likely to receive certain less desirable procedures, such as lower limb amputations. The report also provides recommendations to attack the problem, which often results in poorer health care for millions. The report also notes general correlations with socioeconomic inequality as well as a history of racial and ethnic discrimination. This report is available at http://www.iom.edu/  

Report 2:

Key Facts: Race, Ethnicity & Medical Care, Kaiser Family Foundation. Provides a broad range of information on race/ethnicity, health, health insurance coverage, preventive and primary care, and specialty care related to heart disease, cancer, asthma and HIV/AIDS. This report is available at http://www.kff.org/minorityhealth/index.cfm .

Report 3:

The Health Literacy of America’s Adults: Results from The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy – The 2003 National Assessment of Adult Literacy (NAAL) assessed the English literacy of adults in the United States, and included items designed to measure their health literacy. The health literacy scale and tasks were guided by the definition of health literacy used by the Institute of Medicine and Healthy People 2010. The report provides information on demographic characteristics and health literacy as well as overall health, health insurance coverage, and sources of health information. This report is available at http://dese.mo.gov/divcareered/AEL/AEL_KeyConcepts.pdf

Report 4:

CDC Fact Sheet on Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities, April 2, 2004. Key statistics are provided for African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Asian Americans, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. Information is provided for one or more of these groups on such health issues as access to healthcare, asthma, cancer, diabetes, adult immunizations, hepatitis, infant mortality, injuries, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), smoking and tuberculosis. This report is available at http://www.cdc.gov/omhd/About/disparities.htm.

 

Report 5:

Eradicating Low Health Literacy: The First Public Health Movement of the 21st Century: Overview White Paper, Partnership for Clear Health Communications Steering Committee, March 2003.

Explores how health literacy is defined, the scope of the problem, methods of identification, the extent of its consequence, the range of solutions and possible responses that the nation could take as it attempts to address the first public health crisis of the 21st century. Discusses the warning signs of low health literacy, Health literacy tests Taking Culure and Context into consideration, Guidelines to ensuring cultural sensitivity, Effective Health Communication, health Care Provider Tools, Pfizer’s Commitment to Health Literacy, Principles for clear health communication, and Future Directions.

This report is available here.

Report 6:

The State of Black America: Annual Report on Socio-economic Conditions

The State of Black America, is published each year by the National Urban League since 1976. The report, which addresses the issues central to Black America, is a barometer of key conditions, experiences and opinions of Black America. It examines black progress in education, homeownership, entrepreneurship, health and other areas forecasts certain social and political trends, and proposes solutions to the community's and America's most pressing challenges.

This report is available at  http://www.nationalurbanleaguestore.org/.

Report 7:

Hispanics, Health Care in the U.S.: Access, Information and Knowledge

The Pew Hispanic Center announced on August 13, 2008 results from a bilingual telephone survey conducted along with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. A nationally representative sample of 4,013 Hispanic adults living in the U.S. was surveyed in July, August and September, 2007.

This report is available at http://pewhispanic.org/.

 

Other Pertinent Information on Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities 
 
New Web Site for Minority Health Links Health Disparities and Cost of Health Care.

On March 3, 2006, Health Power's President spoke, by invitation, on Women, Leadership and Decision-making in Health, Annual Conference U.N. Commission on the Status of Women.

On March 2, 2005, Health Power’s President spoke, by invitation, on Women, Race, Health Care Access and Quality of Care at the Fourth World Conference on Women of the United Nations.
 

Also Visit Aetna's Diversity area for additional information about racial and ethnic health disparities.
 
          

 

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